Eric Arthur Blair (June 25 1903 – January 21 1950), is better known by his pen name George Orwell
Orwell was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic, whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and outspoken support of democratic socialism.
Orwell wrote literary criticism, poetry, fiction and polemical journalism. He is best known for Animal Farm (1945) — the fable using animal characters that reflects events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and then on into the Stalinist era of the Soviet Union; and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), a novel set in the year 1984 when most of the people of the world have become victims of perpetual war, omnipresent government surveillance and propaganda.
His non-fiction works, including The Road to Wigan Pier (1937), documenting his experience of working class life in the north of England, and Homage to Catalonia (1938), an account of his experiences on the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War, are widely acclaimed, as are his essays on politics, literature, language and culture.
In 2008, The Times ranked George Orwell second on a list of “The 50 greatest British writers since 1945”
Orwell’s work continues to influence popular and political culture.
The term “Orwellian” describes totalitarian or authoritarian social practices.
Many of his neologisms, including “Big Brother”, “Thought Police”, “Room 101”, “memory hole”, “newspeak”, “doublethink”, “proles”, “unperson” and “thoughtcrime” remain in popular use today.
“Journalism is printing what someone else does not want printed: everything else is public relations.”
― George Orwell
Happiness can exist only in acceptance.
— George Orwell
So much of left-wing thought is a kind of playing with fire by people who don’t even know that fire is hot.
— George Orwell
“Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.”
— George Orwell, 1984
“In a time of deceit telling the truth is a revolutionary act.”
— George Orwell
“War is peace.
Freedom is slavery.
Ignorance is strength.”
― George Orwell, 1984
The “War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength” phrase appears in George Orwell’s novel, 1984. George Orwell introduces this slogan of the Party in the very first part of the novel. By using this slogan, Big Brother could reign supreme, destroy the past, and build up the future on account of the ignorance of people. Had the people been aware, they would have understood Big Brother’s manipulations, and would not let the Party rule. The peoples’ decisions and power were delegated to the Party and Big Brother.
The main agenda of the Party was to promote “double thinking,” which describes an act of accepting two equally contradictory ideas (ignorance is strength) simultaneously as correct in a distinct social context. In other words, it says that the ignorance of the masses is translated into a government’s strength by squelching the people’s motivation or ability to ask questions.
In a corrupt semi-democracy strength arising from no-contest ignorance with no questioning of legal institutions, authorities, school books, mainstream media, history, and scientific communities. Any thinking person deviating from socially accepted norms is abruptly corrected and resisted by society with the help of programmed individuals. Hence, if ignorance rules supreme, the people are prisoners and don’t manage public affairs, but if they are aware, they constantly police each other as well as themselves.
War is Peace regards ni the book 1984 the horrors of war as necessary to keep peace.